What is Occupational Therapy?
In its simplest terms, occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes. Occupational therapy services typically include
Occupational Therapy Services may include comprehensive evaluations of the client's home and other environments (e.g., workplace, school), recommendations for adaptive equipment and training in its use, and guidance and education for family members and caregivers. Occupational therapy practitioners have a holistic perspective, in which the focus is on adapting the environment to fit the person, and the person is an integral part of the therapy team.
Rescource; The American Occupational Therapy Association
What is Speech Therapy?
Speech-language pathologists, sometimes called speech therapists, assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in patients. Speech, language, and swallowing disorders result from a variety of causes such as a stroke, brain injury, hearing loss, developmental delay, a cleft palate, cerebral palsy, or emotional problems.
Speech-language pathologists work with patients who have problems with speech, such as being unable to speak at all or speaking with difficulty, or with rhythm and fluency, such as stuttering. They may work with those who are unable to understand language or with people who have voice disorders, such as inappropriate pitch or a harsh voice.
In medical facilities, speech-language pathologists work with physicians, social workers, psychologists, and other therapists. For more information, see the profiles on physicians and surgeons, social workers, and psychologists. In schools, they work with teachers, special educators, other school personnel, and parents to develop and carry out individual or group programs, provide counseling, and support classroom activities. For more information, see the profiles on preschool, kindergarten and elementary school, middle school, high school, and special education teachers.
Resource: Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Therapy & Play
Activities that are motivating are most often generalized than those that are not. Playing with the train engine for example, may seem like play but encompasses a broad range of skills. Many children are motivated by trains which encourages communication. The act of building train tracks involves bilateral hand coordination, crossing midline, visual reacting and weight bearing for starters. Children need these foundational skills to do most any activity of daily living such as writing, reading and dressing. When your child is playing with a motivating toy encourage them to switch positions to make the activity more challenging. This will help them to be more successful in their daily routine
George Salamunec, HTR, COTA/L